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Talent Wiki - Afghanistan

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Afghanistan




Afghan Afghani (AFN)


Pashto, Persian

Payroll Frequency

Alternate payroll schedules (Weekly, Semi-Monthly and Monthly)

GDP per Capita


Employer Tax

No Contribution

Talent Overview

Afghanistan has a nominal GDP of $21.7 billion and a GDP per capita of $2024 based on purchasing power parity.  Agriculture and mining are significant sources of income for most of the people of Afghanistan.

Major economic hubs:

Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Jalalabad

Skills in demand:

Construction skills, Agriculture skills

Local Universities

The top universities in Afghanistan are as follows:

The American University of Afghanistan


Local: 1

World: 6442

Kabul University


Local: 2

World: 8822

Kardan University


Local: 3

World: 10108

Herat University


Local: 4

World: 10698

Kabul Polytechnic University


Local: 5

World: 10921

Salary Data

Some of the top jobs and their corresponding monthly salaries are as follows:

Job Title Average monthly Salary (AFN) Average Monthly Salary (USD)
Financial Analyst 99,700 1,161.89
Administrative Assistant 41,100 478.97
Business Project Manager 89,200 1,039.53
Human Resource Officer 49,000 570.01
Network Engineer 73,200 851.50

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards

Acbar, JobsAf, AfghanJobs

Number of LinkedIn users


Top Recruitment Agencies

Talent International Recruitment, FSI, MRC

Employing in Afghanistan

Afghanistan offers excellent potential for employers as it helps establish low-cost branches to gain access to its market. Learn more about the employment laws and regulations in Afghanistan below.

Employee Contract

Pashto and Dari are the common languages in use. Dari was previously used for government communications. Now with the Taliban in power, Pashto is promoted for official usage.

Probation Period

The probationary period for employees in Afghanistan is up to three months.

Public and Provincial Holidays 2023

Date Name Type
15 Feb Liberation Day Public Holiday
23 Mar Awal Ramadan Public Holiday
21 Apr Eid al-Fitr Holiday Public Holiday
22 Apr Eid al-Fitr Holiday Public Holiday
23 Apr Eid al-Fitr Holiday Public Holiday
28 Apr Victory Day Public Holiday
1 May Labour Day Public Holiday
27 Jun Arafat Day Public Holiday
28 Jun Eid al-Adha Holiday Public Holiday
29 Jun Eid al-Adha Holiday Public Holiday
30 Jun Eid al-Adha Holiday Public Holiday
28 Jul Ashura Public Holiday
19 Aug Independence Day Public Holiday
27 Sep Mawleed al-Nabi Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 20 days Yes
Sick Leave 3 days Yes
Maternity Leave 90 days Yes


Payroll Cycle

Afghan follows alternate payroll schedules – weekly, semi-monthly, and monthly.

Minimum Wage

There is no minimum wage for a permanent worker in the private sector. However, the minimum wage for a permanent worker in the government sector is AFN 6000 per month. For a nonpermanent private sector employee, the minimum wage is 5500 AFN.

Overtime Pay

Employees who work overtime are entitled to a 25% increase in their wages for hours worked, and 50% for overtime worked on public holidays.


13th Month Pay

There is no provision for a 13th-month salary.

Employee Benefits

  • Maternity Leave
  • Social Security
  • Health Insurance
  • Pension Fund
  • Hajj Pilgrimage Leave


Employer Payroll Tax

Employers are not expected to pay any taxes regarding their employers or their salaries.

Employee Payroll Tax

There is no statutory contribution for an employee in Afghanistan.

Employee Income Tax

For monthly income, the following tax rates are considered:

Taxable income range (AFN) Tax rate
0 – 5000 0%
5000 – 12500 2%
12500 – 100,000 10% + AFN 150
Above 100,000 20% + AFN 8900


Afghanistan follows a standard VAT rate of ​​10%.

Offboarding & Termination

Termination of employment may occur in the following situations:

  • Mutual agreement
  • Completion of a fixed-term contract
  • Retirement
  • Demise
  • Disability affecting the performance of work
  • Reduction in staff by employer
  • Imprisonment
  • Breach of disciplinary rules
  • Refusal to work after reassignment
  • Unsatisfactory probation performance

As per mutual discussion between the employer and the employee and the labor code of the country.

Severance pay in Afghanistan is mandatory and payable based on the duration of the service as follows:

  • One month’s salary – Duration of service is up to one year
  • Two month’s salary – Duration of service is between two to five years
  • Three month’s salary – Duration of service is between five to ten years
  • Four month’s salary – Duration of service is above ten years

Visa and Immigration

If a foreigner is to work in Afghanistan, the following documents are needed:

  • Valid visa
  • Work permit from the Ministry of Labor and social affairs, approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Health Certificate from home country and Ministry of Public Health.
  • A stay permit.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce


Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration