Talent Wiki - Tanzania

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Tanzania

Capital

Dodoma

Currency

Tanzanian shilling (TZS)

Languages

Swahili and English

Payroll Frequency

Daily/Weekly/Bi-weekly/Monthly

GDP per Capita

$1,340.82

Employer Tax

25.5% - 29.5%

Talent Overview

Tanzania is described as having a lower-middle income economy and has sustained high economic growth in the past decade. Their agricultural sector alone has been growing by 4% every year. Their economic success is also contributed by their industrial activities, strategic location and rich natural resources.

Major economic hubs:

Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, Dodoma

Skills in demand:

Tourism, Sales and Marketing, Healthcare, Education, Accountancy, Engineering

Local Universities

Below are the top universities in Tanzania and their ranking:

University of Dar es Salaam

RANKING

Local: 1

World : 3300

Sokoine University of Agriculture

RANKING

Local: 2

World : 5143

The University of Dodoma

RANKING

Local: 4

World : 7040

The State University of Zanzibar

RANKING

Local: 5

World : 7644

Salary Data

Below are monthly average salaries for some positions in Tanzania:

Job Title Average Monthly Salary (TZS) Average Monthly Salary ( USD)
Account Manager  1,400,000 599.32
Software Engineer 1,190,000 509.42
Data Analyst 1,210,000 517.98
Graphic Designer 823,000 352.31
Project Manager 1,480,000 633.56
Sales Manager 2,100,000 898.97

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Brighter Monday, CVPeopleAfrica, Vipawa Works

Number of LinkedIn users:

1,019,400

Top Recruitment Agencies:

Epic Business Resources, LTD, Kaparama Professional Recruiters, LTD

Employing in Tanzania

The first step to exploring Tanzania’s labor market is to gain familiarity with its labor regulations and rules. Below are some factors you must look into when employing Tanzanian employees.

Employee Contract

Employee Contracts in Tanzania must be expressed in a language that is understandable for both parties. Most commonly, these legal documents are in Swahili or English.

Probation Period

Newly hired Tanzanian employees will be under a probationary period of up to 6 months before they can be regularized.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year’s Day Public Holiday
12 Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day Public Holiday
7 Apr Karume Day Public Holiday
7 Apr Good Friday Public Holiday
10 Apr Easter Monday Public Holiday
22 Apr Eid el Fitri (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
23 Apr Eid el Fitri Holiday (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
26 Apr Union Day Public Holiday
1 May Worker’s Day Public Holiday
29 Jun Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
7 Jul Saba Saba Public Holiday
8 Aug Farmers’ Day Public Holiday
27 Sep Maulid (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
14 Oct Mwalimu Nyerere Day Public Holiday
9 Dec Independence Day Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday
26 Dec Boxing Day Public Holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 28 days Yes
Sick Leave 126 days Yes
Maternity Leave 84 to 100 days Yes

 

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The Tanzanian payroll can be released daily, weekly, bi-weekly or monthly, depending on what was stated in their contract.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Tanzania varies across different sectors. It ranges from TZS 40,000 to TZS 400,000 per month.

Overtime Pay

Overtime work in Tanzania is compensated with 150% of an employee’s regular pay rate.

Bonus

13th Month Pay

A 13th month pay is not mandatory in Tanzania.

Employee Benefits

Some of the benefits that Tanzanian employees are entitled to are the following:

  • Statutory Leaves
  • Social Security
  • Medical Plans
  • Housing Benefits
  • Car Benefit

Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Tax Rate
National Social Security Fund (NSSF) 10%
Public Service Social Security Fund (PSSSF) 15%
Skills and Development Levy (SDL) 4% (for companies with at least 10 employees)
Workers compensation fund tariff 0.5%

Employee Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Tax Rate
National Social Security Fund (NSSF) 10%
Public Service Social Security Fund (PSSSF) 5%

Employee Income Tax

Taxable income bracket (TZS) Tax on column 1 (TZS) Tax on excess (%)
0 – 270,000 0
270,000 – 520,000 8
520,000 – 760,000 20,000 20
760,000 – 1,000,000 68,000 25
1,000,000 – And above 128,000 30

VAT

The standard rate for VAT in Tanzania is 18%.

Offboarding & Termination

Terminating an employment contract may be caused by varying circumstances. Some of the reasons are misconduct, incapacity, incompatibility and operational requirements. Regardless of the grounds for termination, a notice must be given to inform either parties of the decision to end the contract.

Notice Period in Tanzania can be 7 to 28 days, depending on the employee’s length of service.

Severance Pay in Tanzania will be equivalent to 7 days of an employee’s regular wage for each year of service (up to a maximum of 10 years). This compensation will not be entitled to employees being terminated due to misconduct.

Visa and Immigration

Foreigners opting to work in Tanzania must secure a work permit and residence permit in order to legally stay in the country. There are 3 classifications for this legal document:

  • Class A – Foreign Investors
  • Class B – For employees employed in a position that no Tanzanian citizen can fill
  • Class C – for missionaries, researchers, students, volunteers, and more

Expats must apply for the appropriate permit classification that befits their purpose in the country. Most employees, however, would qualify for the Class B work permit.

Streamline payroll and compliance for your international workforce

Payroll

Minimum Wage

Overtime Pay

Visa & Immigration